10 November 2009 The law on SPbU's particular status

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President of Russia Dmitry Medvedev signed a law on the particular status of St Petersburg University and Moscow State University.

30 November 1992 SPbU as an institution of the highest accounting level

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St Petersburg University was declared an institution of the highest level of accounting and protection enjoying special governmental support and having the status of an independent (autonomous) Russian higher education institution.

25 January 1991 Academic Gymnasium

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The University's Academic Gymnasium was established involving the facilities of the Specialised Boarding School of Physics and Mathematics No 45.

1 November 1973 Wassily Leontief becomes a Nobel Prize laureate

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Wassily Leontief, a graduate of the Socioeconomic Department of Petrograd University's Faculty of Social Sciences, earned a Nobel Prize "for the input–output analysis development and its application to significant economic problems".

29 October 1964 Aleksandr Prokhorov is awarded a Nobel Prize

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Aleksandr Prokhorov, a Soviet physicist, graduate of Leningrad University's Faculty of Physics, was awarded a 1964 Nobel Prize in Physics. It was divided between Townes and Prokhorov—Basov "for fundamental work in the field of quantum electronics, which has led to the construction of oscillators and amplifiers based on the maser–laser principle".

1 November 1962 Lev Landau becomes a Nobel Prize laureate

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Lev Landau, a graduate of Leningrad University's Faculty of Physics and Mathematics, was awarded a Nobel Prize in Physics "for his pioneer research in the condensed matter theory, especially liquid helium".

1 November 1956 Nobel Prize for the chain reaction theory development

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Nikolay Semyonov, a graduate of the Mathematics Department of Petrograd University's Faculty of Physics and Mathematics, was awarded a Nobel Prize for his chain reaction theory development.

19 December 1946 The University Students’ Scientific Society is established

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The University Students’ Scientific Society was established.

2 June 1945 The Museum of SPbU History

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The Museum of History of St Petersburg University was created. It is the oldest and one of the largest Russian museums of higher education institution history.

22 June 1941 University students and staff are off to fight on the front line

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For the University, just as for the whole country, the Great Patriotic War was an ordeal challenging both the physical, intellectual and moral resources Right when the war broke out, hundreds of University students and staff were off to fight on the front line, and in late June volunteers started joining the ranks of the People's Militia, irregular troops formed from the population of the Soviet Union.

31 August 1938 Kantorovich's theory

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Leonid Kantorovich, a graduate of the Faculty of Physics and Mathematics, Professor at Leningrad State University, developed a theory that made him a 1975 winner of the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences. The occasion for creating this theory was a request from the representatives of the central laboratory of the All-Union Plywood Trust who wanted to increase the productivity of labour.

15 January 1930 The Academicians' Case

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University professors S. F. Platonov, E. V. Tarle, V. N. Beneshevich, M. D. Priselkov, S. V. Rozhdestvensky and A. N. Krishtofovich were arrested and the so-called Academicians' Case, or 'Platonov's case' was initiated.

19 September 1922 University professors are exiled from Russia

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Passenger voyages (the so-called philosophers' ship) were organised from Petrograd to Stettin for the Russian intelligentsia exiled from the USSR.

1 July 1915 Olga Dobiash-Rozhdestvenskaya becomes the first female professor of the University

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Olga Dobiash-Rozhdestvenskaya was the first woman at the University to be awarded the professor's title and the second one to defend a master's thesis (1915). She was a lecturer in the history of medieval England.

1 September 1911 The Memorial Room of Dmitry Mendeleev

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A memorial room Dmitry Mendeleev was created at St Petersburg University. Dmitry Mendeleev was an outstanding Russian scholar specialising in chemistry, physics, economics, metrology, engineering, geology, meteorology, pedagogics and aeronautics.

14 November 1901 Ivan Pavlov is awarded the Nobel Prize

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Ivan Petrovich Pavlov, a graduate of the Natural Department of the University's Faculty of Physics and Mathematics, became the first Russian Nobel Prize winner.

9 September 1901 The first Russian Physical Institute is established.

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On 9 September 1901 the first Russian Physical Institute was opened at St Petersburg University.

25 April 1895 The invention of radio

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 At the meeting of the Department of Physics of the Russian Physico-Chemical Society Alexander Stepanovich Popov made a report about his experiments with wireless communication and demonstrated a radio receiver and wireless transmission of signals using an electric bell.

20 September 1878 Women's Higher Education Courses

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 St Petersburg University was the first institution in Imperial Russia to embody the idea of providing higher education opportunities to women.

1 August 1868 The University's scientific societies

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Scientific societies started to be created at the University in the late 1860s.

31 August 1863 A new University Charter is adopted  

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A new University Charter was adopted. It was effective until 1884. The Charter was centered around the idea of an autonomous University as a professors' corporation

4 April 1842 The first concert of the University orchestra 

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The first concert of the University orchestra was organised in the  Main Hall. It was directed by cellist, composer and conductor Karl Schuberth.

8 March 1834 The first doctoral dissertation

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The first doctoral dissertation was defended at St Petersburg University.

10 November 1830 Nicholas I gives up a building to the University

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Emperor Nicholas I decreed that the entire Twelve Collegia building should be given up to St Petersburg University and the Main Pedagogical Institute.

31 October 1821 The Imperial University

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St Petersburg University was awarded the title of an Imperial university.

8 February 1819 The University is re-established

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Emperor Alexander I approved a legislative proposal of Sergey Uvarov, the then curator of the St Petersburg Academic District, to re-establish the University in St Petersburg by means of reforming the Main Pedagogical Institute.

24 January 1783 Ekaterina Dashkova is appointed Director of the Academy of Sciences

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Ekaterina Dashkova was appointed Director of the Academy of Sciences. She became the first woman in the world to take up such a position.

24 March 1758 Mikhail Lomonosov is encharged to take the academic lead 

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 Kirill Razumovsky, President of the Academy of Sciences, appointed Mikhail Lomonosov head of the academic department of the Academy of Sciences, University and Academic Gymnasium.

26 December 1742 The Twelve Collegia building is finished

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 Domenico Trezzini was commissioned to work out the design for the Twelve Collegia building. It was intended for the offices of the higher Russian governmental authorities. A two-storey gallery attached to the western side of the building was the finishing touch.

1 September 1726 Public lectures are announced

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Public lectures were announced to encourage "everyone who loves good sciences, zealous persons above all, to pursue knowledge".

1 September 1725 The first overseas scholars are invited to St Petersburg

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Prominent scholars from other countries were invited to take part in the activities of the Academy of Sciences and the University in the first years of their existence.

28 January 1724 St Petersburg University is founded  

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On this day Emperor Peter the Great decreed that the St Petersburg Academy of Sciences and the University should be established.