In 2010-2011, due to the fact that the University’s buildings and premises had not been subject to thorough inspections, each premise was inventoried.
In 1990-2010, each building was partially reconstructed, without any official permission or approval, and in most cases structural frames were redesigned, thus reducing the capacity of the buildings. More information on reconstruction and re-modelling of the University’s premises can be found in the tables (see Appendix), which report that reconstructions were massive in nature.
In most cases the restoration works in 1990s-early 2000s were initiated and carried out by those who were responsible for multiple aspects of finance management and acted under the letter of attorney. It might be useful at this point to remind that up to the mid of 2010 for finance management in educational institution were deans of the faculties, directors of the institutes and research centres; in the halls of residence directors of VUNK and PUNK Campuses (after they were united, director of the Campus); and in the publishing house director of the publishing house etc.
Importantly, one building could be managed by several responsible persons. Let us take an example of the building at 5 Mendeleevskaya Line, where control over the finance management had the Deans of the Faculty of History, Faculty of Philosophy, Faculty of Geology, Faculty of Biology, and Director of the SPbU Medical Centre S.V. Petrov.
Up to 2008, there was no record-keeping in relation to the letters of attorney. Thus, new Rector, first of all, issued an order to revoke “all previously issued powers of attorney”, since no one knew how many of them there were and who they had been issued to. No wonder, nobody was responsible for monitoring their performance either.
Reference: The term “re-modelling” is defined in Article 25 of the Housing Code of the Russian Federation: “Re-modelling of the domestic premises is changing the structure or form of a building, which requires amendments to the technical specifications of the buildings”. The term is also applied in relation to non-domestic premises.
When re-modelling structural frames, the project must stipulate whether re-modelling of the structural frame is possible to carry out without consequences to the building or its parts, which can result in reduced capacity or complete destruction of the building.
Besides, all the reconstruction projects of the buildings which are cultural or historical monuments (in SPbU, there are approximately 70 of them) should be approved by the Committee for Monument Operation and Preservation (KGIOP), which primarily focuses on not allowing these monuments to be destroyed.
In other words, to carry out reconstruction works calls for a design project to be approved by a number of authorities, and all this gives grounds to reconstruction. Up to 2008, unfortunately, nobody had followed the procedure.
Importantly, the officials, according to Article 9.4 of the Administrative Violations Code, may be issued a fine of up to 30,000 roubles for not complying with the reconstruction requirements, including re-planning without official permission or approval, while the University can be issued a fine of up to 300,000 roubles on each occasion. And there are more than thousands of such violations