The Nobel Prize was awarded to Alexander Prokhorov
Alexander Prokhorov, who was a Soviet physicist and graduated from the Faculty of Physics of Leningrad State University in 1939, was awarded the Nobel Prize. The Nobel Prize in Physics in 1964 was divided: one half awarded to Charles Hard Townes; the other half jointly to Nicolay Basov and Alexander Prokhorov ‘for fundamental work in the field of quantum electronics, which has led to the construction of oscillators and amplifiers based on the maser-laser principle’.
Alexander Prokhorov was one of the founders and creators of quantum electronics and laser physics, which are among the greatest achievements of science in the 20th century. A brilliant encyclopaedic scientist, organiser of science, founder of the famous school of physicists, Alexander Prokhorov made a major contribution to a number of branches of radio physics, solid state physics, spectroscopy, and the physics of magnetic phenomena. Alexander Prokhorov's works bridge deep theoretical research and the development of installations that employ new physical principles and phenomena to be used in practice.
The new principle of operation of generators, developed by Alexander Prokhorov and other scientists, formed the basis for the creation of a number of continuous generators. Alexander Prokhorov also made a great contribution to the development of research on laser thermonuclear fusion. His research on the interaction of laser radiation with matter led to the discovery of a number of unknown effects. The further development of lasers was of an avalanche-like nature and led to the formation of a new field, i.e. quantum electronics.