Professor Nikolay Kropachev became Rector of St Petersburg University in 2008, having previously served as Senior Vice Rector and Dean of the Faculty of Law. He was twice appointed Rector by the President of the Russian Federation: in 2009 and 2014.

Professor Kropachev was born in Leningrad (St Petersburg) in 1959, and graduated from Leningrad State University in 1981. He defended his diploma thesis under the supervision of Professor Vadim Prokhorov. Professor Kropachev then became a doctoral student at the Department of Criminal Law in the Faculty of Law of Leningrad State University. In 1984 under the supervision of Professor Nikolay Belyaev, he defended his doctoral thesis – Legal Relations in Criminal Law.

In 1985, Professor Kropachev joined the Department of Criminal Law in the Faculty of Law at Leningrad State University as an Assistant Lecturer, and became a Professor in 2001. He was Head of the Department from 2000 to 2010.

In 1992, Professor Kropachev became Dean of the Special Faculty of Continuing Legal Education, St Petersburg University; and from 1993 to 1998 he was the Senior Deputy Dean of the Faculty of Law. From 1998 to 2010, he was the Dean of the Faculty of Law, apart from a three-week period in 1999 when he was dismissed and then reappointed by a court order. From 2006 to 2008, Kropachev held concurrently positions as Dean of the Faculty of Law and Senior Vice Rector of St Petersburg University.

After defending a post-doctoral thesis Regulatory Mechanism of Criminal Law in 2000, Professor Kropachev was awarded the academic degree of Doctor of Law. In 2003, he became Professor, Department of Criminal Law. His research expertise covers education law, theory of state and law, criminology, and criminal law. These research interests are reflected in Professor Kropachev’s more than 80 scholarly works, teaching and learning guides, including a number of monographs and textbooks.

For more information see Court decisions will always affect someone’s interests Too many commas impede justiceCitizens fail to understand lawyers and civil servants...Dismissed for fighting corruption

From September 2000 to September 2005, Professor Kropachev was the Chairman of the Charter Court of St Petersburg. He is a 1st Class Full State Counsellor of St Petersburg.  

See Steam Train in Siding, Novaya Gazeta, February 21, 2008

In 2008, at the Conference of St Petersburg University staff, Professor Kropachev was elected Rector of St Petersburg University. He has been twice appointed St Petersburg University Rector by the President of Russia: in 2009 and, for another term, in 2014.

Professional associations and councils  

Since 1996 – Vice President of the Interregional Association of Law Schools of Russia, Presidium Member of the Association of Lawyers of Russia. Since 2002 – Chairman of the Association of Lawyers of St Petersburg and Leningrad Region (a branch of the Association of Lawyers of Russia).

From 2004 to 2008 – Presidium Member of the Council of Judges of the Russian Federation. From 2007 to 2010 – Chairman of the Public Council under the Federal Drug Control Service of the Russian Federation.

Since 2008 – Presidium Member of the Presidential Council for Science, Technology and Education. Since 2010 – Chairman of the Public Council under the Ministry of Justice of the Russian Federation; Chairman of the Association of Leading Russian Universities. Since 2011 – Chairman of the Council of the Rectors of the Universities of the Northwestern Federal District.

Since 2010 – Deputy Chairman of the Russian Coordinating Committee of St Petersburg Dialogue Forum; Chairman of the Russian Coordinating Committee of Russia-Korea Dialogue Forum.

Since 2011 – Chairman of the Public Council under the Main Directorate of Internal Affairs and the Ministry of Internal Affairs for St Petersburg and Leningrad Region. Since 2013 – Member of the Presidential Commission for Civil Service and Management Personnel Pool.

Since 2014 – Member of the Board of Trustees of the Alexander Suvorov State Memorial Museum; Member of the Presidential Council for Grants to support young Russian scholars and leading scientific schools of the Russian Federation.

Since 2019 – Member of the Inter-MinisterialCouncilforthe Russian Federation Government Prize in Education.

Initiatives

  • The first Russian legal clinic –  free legal advice to the disadvantaged (1998)
  • The first Russian robotic library to archive and store big data within the memorandum of collaboration with Panasonic, one of the University’s partners (2015)

  • The Research Park established on the principles of openness and accessibility for all researchers

    By the early 1990s, the University research equipment had almost been outdated. Since 2007, a leap forward has been made: the University has managed to create the best university Research Park in Russia, the laboratory facilities being significantly updated . The University Research Park possesses cutting-edge research equipment, which is a constituent of advanced experimental facilities for conducting research at a totally new level. A transparent and open access system to this equipment has been created.

  • Defences according to the University’s own rules
    St Petersburg University began work on changing the rules for defending dissertations when it became clear that public confidence in academic degrees in our country was declining. In 2013, the University began conducting its own defences of dissertations submitted for a PhD degree of St Petersburg University. This became a kind of continuation of the long-standing tradition of awarding its own academic degrees at the University, which existed almost 100 years ago. This practice was recognised as successful. So, in 2016, a law was adopted, according to which the two leading universities of the country – St Petersburg University and Moscow State University – were entitled to conduct thesis defences on their own terms for the state-recognised academic degrees of Candidate of Sciences and Doctor of Sciences.

  • Using clinics as a form of education (– instead of the text only about the Legal Clinic)
    In August 1998, the Legal Clinic of the Faculty of Law was opened at St Petersburg University. Its practice has shown that using clinics as a form of education are advantageous and efficient. They began to gain currency at the University on the initiative of Nikolay Kropachev, Rector of St Petersburg University.  At present, St Petersburg University successfully runs: the Legal Clinic; the Psychological Clinic; the Social Clinic; the Sociological Clinic; the Centre for Financial Literacy; the Social Translation Centre; the IT Clinic; the Media Centre; the Environmental Clinic; the Mediation Centre; the Museum and Architectural Clinic; and the Clinic of Communication Projects.

  • The University openness policy
    St Petersburg University policies have always been ultimately transparent. All information – about competitions, grants, entrance exams, decisions, and documents – is published on the University website. Any interested person can therefore read it.
    Among other things, special sections have appeared on the University website:

  • Virtual Reception of St Petersburg University
    Since August 2011, the St Petersburg University portal has been publishing the answers of the University officials to the questions of University students and staff. The list of officials responsible for different aspects of the University life is expanding. The number of answers is constantly growing.

  • I ask you to break the rules!
    Since 2011, the St Petersburg University website has been publishing appeals to the Rector. Since 2015, by the decision of Rector Nikolay Kropachev, the University has established a rule to publish in the section ‘I ask you to break the rules!’ citizens' appeals to the University officials, in which they ask ‘as an exception’ to disregard the provisions of the current legislation or the by-laws of St Petersburg University. As practice has shown, the publicity of such appeals has led to a significant decrease in the flow of inappropriate requests and demands.

  • Open competitions for St Petersburg University grants
    On the initiative of Rector Nikolay Kropachev, the University implements the right of academic and teaching staff to freely participate in the open competition for grants from St Petersburg University to conduct research. Previously, the ability to exercise this right had been limited by predetermined faculty quotas. At present, grants are provided based on the results of a unified competition, in which only the content of the application matters, but not the applicant's belonging to a particular team.Read more.

  • The Ethics Committee of St Petersburg University
    Relatively recently (in the spring of 2011), on the initiative of Rector Nikolay Kropachev, the Ethics Committee of the Academic Council of St Petersburg University was established at the University as a special guarantee of the rights of the University staff and students. Any University student or employee can apply there if they believe that the ethical standards by which the University lives have been violated in relation to him or her. Read more.

  • Separation of administrative and academic powers
    The principle of differentiation of administrative and academic powers has been implemented at the University for several years.
    Academic and teaching staff can use the Virtual Reception portal in order to solve issues that they face: they can directly contact the University officials responsible for certain aspects of the University life, without the necessity to contact transfer members (Read more). The heads of departments and laboratories, deans of faculties, and directors of institutes therefore cease to be dispatchers and focus on solving the academic issues of their teams.

  • Active involvement of employers in the University life
    Employers started being involved in the work of state examination boards of St Petersburg University in 2016 on the initiative of Rector Nikolay Kropachev.  Their interest and impartiality gave exactly the result that had been expected at the University. Many members of examination boards have had a desire to help the University even more actively. Assessing the quality of graduates' training and their readiness for a future professional life, employers express their desire to get involved in University life at an earlier stage. Currently, employers have a real impact on the University life. They develop requirements for future specialists (from applicants to graduates). They are members of: the councils of academic programmes; admissions committees; teaching methodology committees; scientific committees; and state examination boards (Read more).

  • The first e-library

    The Law Branch of the M Gorky Scientific Library at St Petersburg University is the first fully computerised branch library in Russia. It is an integral library information and computer complex, with an e-catalogue and an e-library card being introduced back in 1998.  For the series of works ‘Developing new learning technologies based on the library information and computer complex’ for higher education institutions, St Petersburg University employees won the 2001 Presidential Prize in Education.

Awards and Honorary Titles

Anatoly Koni Medal (Order of the Russian Minister of Justice No.257-k, 1999)

Honorary Certificate from the Russian Ministry of Education (1999)

Presidential Prize in Education (2001)

Order of Honour (Presidential Order No.147 as of February 6, 2004)

Award pin ‘Honorary Worker of Russian Justice’ (Order of the Russian Ministry of Justice No. 263-k, 2004)

Russian Government Prize in Education (2007)

Order of Merit for the Fatherland, Fourth Degree (Presidential Order No.131 as of February 8, 2009)

Award pin ‘Lawyer of the Year’ (Order of the Association of Lawyers of Russia No.271 as of November 26, 2010)

Award-Winner Certificate of the highest legal award ‘Lawyer of the Year’, Legal Science and Education category (2010).

Anatoly Koni Medal (Order of the Russian Minister of Justice, 2010)

Honorary Certificate from the Russian Ministry of Education (2010)

Order of Merit for the Fatherland, Third Degree (Presidential Order No.402 as of June 4, 2014)

Mikhail Speransky Russian Law Award (2015)

The Order of the Rising Sun, Gold and Silver Star (2016)

Honorary Citizen of Seoul (2018)

Professor Emeritus at South-West University “Neofit Rilski”

Professor Emeritus at Ho Chi Minh National Academy of Politics and Public Administration, Vietnam

Medal for Assistance from Investigative Committee of the Russian Federation

V.V. Novozhilov Prize for Social Sciences award (2019) 

The badge "Honorary Worker of the Prosecutor's Office of the Russian Federation» (после Russian Government Prize in Education (2007))

The Order of Alexander Nevsky (the Decree of the President of the Russian Federation No 240 dated 29 May 2019)

The Award of St Petersburg Government and St Petersburg Centre of the Russian Academy of Sciences for Outstanding Achievements in Science and Technology

Research expertise

  • education law
  • theory of law and state
  • criminology
  • criminal law

The author of over 80 scholarly works, teaching and learning guides, including a number of monographs and textbooks.

Publications

  • "The problem of social communication illustrated by the typical mistakes in legal documents when written in the state language of the Russian Federation" – Article, co-author. Bulletin of St Petersburg University. Language and Literature, № 2, 2019
  • Introduction to Russian Law. Collection of papers. Institute of Comparative Law. Belgrade. 2019
  • Comprehensive Examination for Foreign Citizens: Russian vs. Russian as a Foreign Language. Russian Language Abroad, 2018 – (a journal article, co-author)
  • "The official language of the Russian Federation: Legal standards and language standards", co-author, 2019
  • Requirements for Spoken Russian as National Language of the Russian Federation. Gosudarstvenny Yazik Rossii: Normi Prava i Normi Yazika, 2018 – (a journal article, co-author)
  • What Should the Dictionary of Official Language Look Like? Gosudarstvenny Yazik Rossii: Normi Prava i Normi Yazika, 2018 – (a journal article, co-author)
  • Conceptual Development and Regulatory Support of National Language Policy of the Russian Federation. Gosudarstvenny Yazik Rossii: Normi Prava i Normi Yazika, 2018 – (a journal article, co-author)
  • What Has to be Done to Make the Russian Language National? Gosudarstvenny Yazik Rossii: Normi Prava i Normi Yazika, 2018 – (a journal article, co-author)
  • Judicial Control of Proper Use of Contemporary Standard Russian Language. Gosudarstvenny Yazik Rossii: Normi Prava i Normi Yazika, 2018 – (a journal article, co-author)
  • Monitoring of Law Enforcement at SPbU. Zakon, 3, 2018 – (a journal article, co-author)
  • Lifelong Learning as Part of Social Responsibility of Modern Classical University. Universities in Euroasian Educational Environment. Euroasian Universities in the 21 Century Series, 2017 – (a journal article, co-author)
  • Judicial Control of Proper Use of Contemporary Standard Russian Language. Zakon, 3, 2017 – (a journal article, co-author)
  • Conceptual Development and Regulatory Support of National Language Policy of the Russian Federation. Vestnik of Saint-Petersburg University. Law, 1, 2017 – (a journal article, co-author)
  • Requirements for Spoken Russian as National Language of the Russian Federation. Vestnik of Saint-Petersburg University. Language and Literature, 4, 2017 – (a journal article, co-author)
  • Criminology, 2016 – (a teaching and learning guide, co-author)
  • Mikhail V. Kovalchuk: In Honor of the 70th Birthday. Physics-Uspekhi, 2016 – (co-author)
  • What Has to be Done to Make the Russian Language National? Zakon, 10, 2016 – (a journal article, co-author)
  • Interview with Prof. Nikolay Kropachev, PhD in Law, Rector of St. Petersburg University, Chairman of the Association of Lawyers of St. Petersburg and Leningrad Region (a branch of the Association of Lawyers of Russia). Yuridicheskiy Mir, 5, 2016
  • Russian Law in Brief: Digest for Foreign Investors, Beijing, 2015 – (co-author)
  • Going for the Nobel Prize: St. Petersburg University Launches Unique Genome Russia Project. Yurist Vuza, 4, 2015 – (a journal article, co-author)
  • Russian Language: Challenges and Trends. Russkiy Mir.ru, 11, 2015 – (a journal article, author)
  • Russian Law in Brief: Digest for Foreign Investors, 2014 – (co-author)
  • Criminal Law of Russia: Special Part, 2014 – (a textbook, co-author)
  • Legal Education in Russia is Neither Well-Rounded, nor Unified, nor Consistent. Zakon, 1, 2014 – (a journal article, author)
  • The Name of the Game — Transparency in Decision-Making. Rodina, 3, 2014 – (a journal article, author)
  • In Support of the Russian Language: From Language Clinics to Economic Incentives. Universitetskaya Kniga, 10, 2014 – (minutes of the round table, co-author)
  • Russian Law in Brief, 2013 – (co-author)
  • Criminology, 2013 – (a teaching and learning guide, co-author)
  • Criminal Law of Russia: General Part, 2013 – (a textbook, co-author)
  • A Word to the Reader. Klio, 10 (82), 2013 – (a journal article, author)
  • Our Top Priority: Engagement of Academic Staff and Students in Learning and Research. Peterburgsky Urist, 1, 2013 – (a journal article, author)
  • Russian Law in Brief, 2012 – (co-author)
  • Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation as a Democratic Institution.  Constitutional Control: Theory and Practice, Proceedings of the International Conference in Honor of the 20th Anniversary of the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation, 2012 – (a journal article, author)
  • Russian Law in Brief: Digest for Foreign Investors, 2011 – (co-author)
  • Legal Regulation of Entrepreneurship in the Republic of Korea: Comparative Legal Analysis. Izvestiya Vysshikh Uchebnykh Zavedenii. Pravovedenie, 5 (298), 2011 – (a journal article, co-author)
  • Truth be Told, I am a Workaholic. Rossijskoe Pravo. Obrazovanie, Praktika, Nauka, 1 (72), 2011 – (a journal article, author)
  • Criminal Law of Russia: Special Part, 2010 – (a textbook, co-author)
  • On the Concept of International Terrorism. Izvestiya Vysshikh Uchebnykh Zavedenii. Pravovedenie, 1 (288), 2010 – (a journal article, co-author)
  • Law Schools Need Public Accreditation. Sudia, 1, 2010 – (a journal article, author)
  • Penal Law. Subject Syllabus for Main Field of Study 030500 – Law, 2009 – (subject syllabus, co-author)
  • Russian Economy Has to Be Advanced. Etnosotsium i Mezhnatsionalnaya Kultura, 7 (23), 2009 – (a journal article, author)
  • First Results of Admissions 2009. Yurist Vuza, 11, 2009 – (a journal article, co-author)
  • Criminal Law of Russia. Subject Syllabus for Main Field of Study 030500 – Law, 2007 – (subject syllabus, co-author)
  • Criminal Law of Russia: General Part. St. Petersburg University, Faculty of Law, 2006 – (a textbook, co-author)
  • Criminal Law of Russia: General Part, 2006 – (a textbook, co-author)
  • Future of Pseudo-Intellectual Property. St. Petersburg University, 14–15, 2006 – (a journal article, co-author)
  • Life and Writings of Prof. Mikhail D. Shargorodsky. Criminal Law of Russia: Past, Present, and Future, Proceedings of the Research Conference in Commemoration of Prof. Mikhail D. Shargorodsky, 2005 – (a journal article, author)
  • Educational Internet Platforms: From Resources to Teaching Methodology. Open Education, 1, 2005 – (a journal article, co-author)
  • Criminology. St. Petersburg University, 2004 – (a journal article, co-author)
  • System of Higher Legal Education in Russia: State-of-the-Art and Development Prospects. Izvestiya Vysshikh Uchebnykh Zavedenii, 5 (256), 2004 – (a journal article, co-author)
  • Interview with Prof. Nikolay Kropachev, PhD in Law, Dean of the Faculty of Law, St. Petersburg University. Zakonodatelstvo, 8, 2004
  • Criminology. St. Petersburg University, 2003 – (a text book for university students, co-author)
  • Criminology, 2003 – (an exam preparation guide, co-author)
  • Legal Education in Russia: Choosing a Pathway. Izvestiya Vysshikh Uchebnykh Zavedenii, 2 (247), 2003 – (a journal article, co-author)
  • Peace, Security, and International Law: A Glimpse into the Future. Izvestiya Vysshikh Uchebnykh Zavedenii, 5 (250), 2003 – (a journal article, co-author)
  • Introduction from Chair Prof. Nikolay Kropachev, PhD in Law, Dean of the Faculty of Law, Chairman of the Charter Court of St. Petersburg, Izvestiya Vysshikh Uchebnykh Zavedenii, 5 (250), 2003
  • Pass Kozak’s Draft. Russian Federation Today, 3, 2003 – (a journal article, author)
  • Legal Studies. Subject Syllabus for the Faculty of Sociology, 2002 – (subject syllabus, co-author)
  • Criminal Law. General Part: Teaching Aid, 2002 – (a teaching aid, co-author)
  • Charter Court of St. Petersburg. Urist i Bukhgalter, 4, 2002 – (a journal article, author)
  • Regulatory Mechanism of Criminal Law, 2000 – (a post-doctoral thesis in law)
  • Regulatory Mechanism of Criminal Law, 2000 – (a synopsis of the post-doctoral thesis in law)
  • Regulatory Mechanism of Criminal Law: Criminal Liability, 2000 – (a teaching and learning guide, co-author)
  • Criminal Law Regulation: Mechanism and System, 1999 – (an author)
  • On the Concept of Perpetrator in the Criminal Law of Russia and Netherlands. Legal Reforms in Russia and Beyond, Inter-University Collection of Papers, 1997 – (a journal article, co-author)
  • Criminal Defense of Non-Proprietor’s Property Rights. Vestnik of Saint-Petersburg University, Series 6, 3, 1997 – (a journal article, co-author)
  • Criminology. Izvestiya Vysshikh Uchebnykh Zavedenii, 1 (212), 1996 – (a course of lectures, co-author)
  • Crimes and Punishments. Novyye Sankt-Peterburgskiye Vrachebnyye Vedomosti, 1996 – (a journal article, author)
  • Decent Life for Decent People. St. Petersburg University, 17, 1996 – (a journal article, author)
  • Criminal Law of Russia: Special Part. St. Petersburg University, 1995 – (a textbook, co-author)
  • Modern Criminal Law: Issues of Crime and Punishment. St. Petersburg University, 1992 – (a journal article, co-author)
  • Criminology: General Part, 1992 – (a textbook, co-author)
  • The Concept of Criminal Personality. Criminology: General Part, 1992 – (a textbook, author)
  • Commentary to New Criminal Legislation: Amendments from 1988 to 1991, 1991 – (a journal article, co-author)
  • General Principles of Imposing Liability for Crimes. Issues in Criminal Policy, Inter-University Collection of Papers, 1991 – (a journal article, author)
  • The Principle of Justice in Imposing Liability for Crimes. Issues in the Improvement of Legislation on Crime Prevention, 1991 – (a journal article, author)
  • The Principle‘Everything Which is not Forbidden is Allowed’in Criminal Law Regulation. Izvestiya Vysshikh Uchebnykh Zavedenii, 3, 1991 – (a journal article, co-author)
  • The Concept of Criminal Law Sanction. Vestnik of Leningrad University, Series 6, 2, 1991 – (a journal article, co-author)
  • Principles of Imposing Liability for Crimes. Izvestiya Vysshikh Uchebnykh Zavedenii, 6, 1990 – (a journal article, co-author)
  • Criminal Record and its Effect in Criminal Law. Vestnik of Leningrad University, Series 6, 2, 1990 – (a journal article, co-author)
  • Regulatory Mechanism of Criminal Law: Standards, Legal Relation, Liability, 1989 – (a co-author)
  • Soviet Corrective Labor Law. Leningrad State University, 1989 – (a journal article, co-author)
  • Criminal Liability and Sanctions in Criminal Law Standards. Guarantee of Human Rights and Enforcement of Criminal and Criminal Procedure Legislation, Collection of Papers, 1989 – (a collection of papers, co-author)
  • On the Foundations of Criminal Legislation of the USSR and its Republics. Izvestiya Vysshikh Uchebnykh Zavedenii, 2, 1988 – (a journal article, co-author)
  • Social Deviations: Introduction to the General Theory. Izvestiya Vysshikh Uchebnykh Zavedenii, 3, 1988 – (a journal article, co-author)
  • Criminal Liability and Punishment. Vestnik of Leningrad University, Series 6, 1, 1987 – (a journal article, co-author)
  • Legal Nature of Exemption from Criminal Liability. Issues in Criminal Liability and Punishment, 1986 – (a collection of papers, co-author)
  • On the Concept of Legal Relations. Izvestiya Vysshikh Uchebnykh Zavedenii, 3, 1986 – (a journal article, co-author)
  • Legal Relations in Criminal Law, 1984 – (a doctoral thesis in law)
  • Legal Relations in Criminal Law, 1984 – (a synopsis of the doctoral thesis in law)
  • Legal Behavior in Criminal Law and Social Relations. Vestnik of Leningrad University, 2, 1984 – (a journal article, author)
  • On the Methodology of Research in Legal Relations in Criminal Law. Vestnik of Leningrad University, 4, 1983 – (a journal article, author)

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